Six selection factors – Federal Skilled Worker Program (Express Entry)
We use selection factor points to help assess your eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
We’ll assess your selection factors and assign an overall score out of 100.
If you score 67 points or higher, you may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
If you meet the other requirements too, you can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool. Once you’re in the Express Entry pool, we use a different system to rank your profile.
If you score lower than 67 points, you won’t qualify for the program. You may be able to get a higher score by doing things like:
Language skills (maximum 28 points)
It’s very important to be able to communicate in 1 or both of Canada’s official languages. Knowing English, French or both helps you in the Canadian job market.
You can get up to 28 points for your language skills in English and French. We’ll give you points based on your ability to:
You must take an approved language test to prove your language levels.
To measure your English or French levels, we use:
You must get a minimum level of CLB 7 or NCLC 7 for 1 official language in all 4 language areas. To get points for the second official language, you must meet the minimum level of CLB 5 or NCLC 5 in all 4 language areas.
Once you take the language test, you can use it to see exactly how many points we’ll give you for the language selection factor.
Calculate your language points
First official language (maximum 24 points)
Check the table below and add the points that match your skill level:
|First official language||Speaking||Listening||Reading||Writing|
|CLB level 9 or higher||6||6||6||6|
|CLB level 8||5||5||5||5|
|CLB level 7||4||4||4||4|
|Below CLB level 7||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply|
Second official language (maximum 4 points)
You can get 4 points only if you have a score of at least CLB 5 in each of the 4 language abilities.
|Second official language||Points|
|At least CLB 5 in all of the 4 abilities||4|
|CLB 4 or less in any of the 4 abilities||0|
Education (maximum 25 points)
If you went to school in Canada, you must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
If you have foreign education, you must have:
Work experience (maximum 15 points)
You can get points for the number of years you’ve spent doing full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time [15 hours per week for 24 months]) at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2016 National Occupational Classification.
To get selection factor points, your work experience will count if it was:
Finding your National Occupational Classification (NOC)
The NOC is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labour market and is used to classify jobs in the Canadian economy. It describes duties, skills, talents and work settings for different jobs.
You will need to identify the “NOC code” for each job that you want to include in your Express Entry profile. Find your NOC to find the information that best matches each of your past jobs.
You’ll need this information again, so make sure to save it.
If the description and list of main duties match what you did at your job(s), you can count this experience for points.
Use this chart to find the number of points based on your number of years of experience.
|Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|6 or more years||15|
Age (maximum 12 points)
You’ll get points based on your age on the day we get your application.
|47 and older||0|
Arranged employment in Canada (maximum 10 points)
You can get points if you have a job offer of at least 1 year from a Canadian employer. You must get the job offer before you apply to come to Canada as a Federal Skilled Worker.
A valid job offer has to be:
We must be convinced that:
To get 10 points for a valid job offer, 1 of these situations must also apply.
You currently work in Canada on a work permit and you meet all of the following conditions:
You currently work in Canada in a job that is exempt from the LMIA requirement because of 1 of the following:
You must also meet all of the following conditions:
You must meet all of the following conditions:
You must meet all of the following conditions:
LMIAs and valid job offers
Adaptability (maximum 10 points)
You and your spouse or common-law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada can earn points for adaptability.
You and your spouse can earn a maximum of 10 points by combining any of the elements below. These elements assess how well you and your spouse are likely to settle in Canada.
|Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
|Your spouse or partner’s language level Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all 4 language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing). To get these points, you must submit your spouse or common-law partner’s test results from an approved agency when you apply. The language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.||5|
|Your past studies in Canada You completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week. You must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.||5|
|Your spouse or partner’s past studies in Canada Your spouse or common-law partner completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.||5|
|Your past work in Canada You did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada: In a job listed in Skill Type 0 or Skill Levels A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC). And, with a valid work permit, or while authorized to work in Canada.||10|
|Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in Canada Your spouse or partner did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.||5|
|Arranged employment in Canada You earned points for having arranged employment.||5|
|Relatives in Canada You, or your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative who is: living in Canada 18 years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident This relative must be a: parent grandparent child grandchild your or your spouse’s sibling (child of your or your spouse’s parent) your or your spouse’s aunt or uncle (by blood or marriage) your or your spouse’s niece or nephew (grandchild of your or your spouse’s parent)|